Various Studies and assessments conducted by private independent agencies and government institutions point out a large number of factors that have led to slip backs. These have primarily been identified as :
The first verification should take place within three months.
The second verification should be done after six months of the first verification.
The Post ODF Phase 1 period can be described as the first phase of activities planned during the nine months life cycle.
During this phase, all existing interventions like sensitisation activities, monitoring activities and discussions around sanitation should continue in the GPs/ district.
The Phase 2 approach should be introduced after the district has successfully completed the two major verification processes mandated under the SBM ODF verification process. This is also equally important as the first phase for ensuring continued sanitation practices in the district.
Under Phase 2, the emphasis would shift from core sanitation to indirect sanitation practices like waste management, water conservation, health, nutrition, education and overall cleanliness which can have an impact on sustainable sanitation in the long run.
One of the most important activities that have to be ongoing after the district attains ODF status are the IEC/BCC activities. The focus should be on
The District Administration need not create any new mass media tools. They can use the tools created by the State SBM or download a large number of topical TV/ Radio spots from the link (tinyurl.com/sbmiec and tinyurl.com/sbmiec2).
What the District Administration needs to focus on is to create a strong social media IEC/BCC campaign through website Facebook/ Twitter/ Instagram, They can develop unique mobisodes (short AV Clips) and highlight success stories of innovative approaches undertaken by districts to prevent slip backs and create a buzz around safe sanitation interventions.READ MORE
The SBM advocates total participation of the community in the ODF drive and stresses the importance of undertaking community approaches to sanitation. This includes reaching out to the community by organising sanitation events, celebration of sanitation weeks and involving the community in monitoring and evaluation of SBM interventions. These efforts should continue during the ODF plus drive.READ MORE
Entertainment education plays a key role in sustaining sanitation behaviors with particular focus on preventing slip backs into open defecation. Entertainment education tools like song and drama activities, plays, exhibitions, Melas, Swachhata Raths ( mobile SBM exhibitions) would go a long way in changing sanitation behaviors in the community.READ MORE
IPC activities need to continue as an important activity during the Post ODF phase. Individual counseling, community meetings, ‘chaupals’, dissemination of sanitation messages through Nigrani committees needs to be stepped up. The District Administration should also try to retain some of the trained manpower like IEC consultants, sanitation teams, Swachhagrahis to disseminate sanitation and SBM related messagesREAD MORE
Monitoring and Evaluation is an important part of the management of any structured intervention. It helps the implementers track the progress of their intervention with respect to
Detail the key activities that have been planned under various activities.
The results the District Administration wants to achieve through the SBM intervention.
The Guidelines suggest strategic approaches and provides the District Administration with a road map for advocacy, mass media, social marketing, community mobilisation, IPC, entertainment education and capacity building to achieve an ODF district. But the path is not easy and the District Administration could face challenges and bottlenecks while driving these interventions.
The Guidelines suggest strategic approaches and point out a route map to be adopted by the District Administration under advocacy, mass media, social marketing, community mobilisation, IPC, entertainment education and capacity building to achieve an ODF district. But the path is not easy and the District Administration could face potential challenges and bottlenecks while driving these interventions. Listed below are some perceived bottlenecks the District Administration might have to overcome under the key approaches.